Overview In 2020, Kyrgyzstan was the number 147 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 131 in total exports, the number 114 in total imports, the number 169 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 71 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Kyrgyzstan are Gold ($1.86B), Precious Metal Ore ($122M), Dried Legumes ($66.8M), Refined Petroleum ($47.7M), and Raw Cotton ($27.1M), exporting mostly to United Kingdom ($1.8B), Russia ($254M), Kazakhstan ($254M), Uzbekistan ($155M), and Turkey ($71M).

Imports The top imports of Kyrgyzstan are Refined Petroleum ($501M), Non-Knit Women's Coats ($250M), Broadcasting Equipment ($235M), Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($179M), and Packaged Medicaments ($176M), importing mostly from China ($2.6B), Russia ($1.5B), Uzbekistan ($757M), Kazakhstan ($581M), and Turkey ($420M).

Location Kyrgyzstan borders China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Kyrgyzstan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Gold, $1.86B

Top Destination (2020): United Kingdom, $2.6B

In 2020, Kyrgyzstan exported a total of $2.85B, making it the number 131 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Kyrgyzstan have changed by $1.41B from $1.44B in 2015 to $2.85B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($1.86B), Precious Metal Ore ($122M), Dried Legumes ($66.8M), Refined Petroleum ($47.7M), and Raw Cotton ($27.1M). The most common destination for the exports of Kyrgyzstan are United Kingdom ($1.8B), Russia ($254M), Kazakhstan ($254M), Uzbekistan ($155M), and Turkey ($71M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Kyrgyzstan Exports Services (2019): $1.08B

Kyrgyzstan Imports Services (2019): $1.02B

In 2019, Kyrgyzstan exported $1.08B worth of services. The top services exported by Kyrgyzstan in 2019 were Personal travel ($367M), Business travel ($277M), Transportation ($270M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($79.8M), and Other business services ($49M).

The top services imported by Kyrgyzstan in 2019 were Transportation ($454M), Business travel ($207M), Personal travel ($184M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($54.9M), and Other business services ($46.1M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Kyrgyzstan has a high level of specialization in Precious Metal Ore (70.8), Dried Fruits (41.7), Dried Legumes (32.9), Float Glass (32.3), and Gold (25.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Kyrgyzstan observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Kyrgyzstan according to the relatedness index, are Other Oily Seeds (0.13), Tropical Fruits (0.12), Perfume Plants (0.12), Other Vegetables (0.12), and Sheep Hides (0.12). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Kyrgyzstan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Kyrgyzstan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Kyrgyzstan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 9 years Kyrgyzstan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨81st to the 71st⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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